What is more valuable? 32 wind farms or 85+ eagles?:
The Interior Department moved forward with a plan Friday to greatly extend the life of permits that allow wind farms and other projects to accidentally kill bald and golden eagles, angering conservationists who said it would result in needless bird deaths.
The new rule, which goes into effect Jan. 8, would allow builders of wind farms, electrical transmission lines and other projects to seek permits that last as long as 30 years and would assign them a numerical annual limit for accidental eagle deaths. Currently, such projects can apply only for five-year permits, though none has been granted to date. ...Estimates of eagle deaths from wind turbines vary. In a study published this year, six U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service researchers counted 85 bald and golden eagle deaths at 32 wind farms between 1997 and 2012 but said the number underrepresents the true total.
From Hausman (2012, page 44):
Here is a situation that could use some expert opinion. So let's test out the process. What would the appropriate financial incentive to penalize wind farms for eagle deaths?
Please provide your expert opinion in the comments section with some "best available science" sort of justification.