Thank you for your submission, A RECREATION DEMAND MODEL OF THE NORTH CAROLINA FOR-HIRE FISHERY. The following URL links to the abstract page for this submission in the SSRN eLibrary. If the full-text paper is included with your submission, you can also download a copy of your paper from this web page.
This is a short, simple paper but I like the model and results. We have two measures of cost per trip: travel cost and the charter fee. For those anglers who travel for the (self-reported) primary purpose of a charter fishing trip, the effect of each type of cost on the location decision is the same so that the cost per trip is the sum of travel costs and charter fees. For those anglers who enjoy a day of charter fishing as a secondary purpose of taking the trip, travel costs and charter fees have different effects on the location decision.
Here is the abstract:
In this paper we measure the recreational economic benefits of the for-hire recreational fishery in the coastal region of North Carolina. We estimate a single trip random utility model for primary purpose and secondary purpose anglers with data from a field survey of charter and head-boat passengers. We find that primary and secondary purpose anglers exhibit significantly different behavior with regards to cost. However, once costs are weighted for secondary purpose anglers the value of catch is not statistically different across groups. For primary purpose anglers, the willingness to pay per trip is between $1800 and $2000 for one additional billfish (per angler), between $55 and $65 for one additional coastal migratory pelagic fish, $39 for one additional mackerel, and the willingness to pay per trip for an additional snapper-grouper is between $61 and $94. The net economic value for a charter boat trip averages $624 per angler per trip, and net economic value for a head boat trip is $102 per angler per trip.
I was surprised to hear that the local ski resorts had a good 2011-12 season, in spite of the warm winter:
Whether this winter turns out to be warm or cold, scientists say that climate change means the long-term outlook for skiers everywhere is bleak. The threat of global warming hangs over almost every resort, from Sugarloaf in Maine to Squaw Valley in California. As temperatures rise, analysts predict that scores of the nation’s ski centers, especially those at lower elevations and latitudes, will eventually vanish.
Under certain warming forecasts, more than half of the 103 ski resorts in the Northeast will not be able to maintain a 100-day season by 2039, according to a study to be published next year by Daniel Scott, director of the Interdisciplinary Center on Climate Change at the University of Waterloo in Ontario.
By then, no ski area in Connecticut or Massachusetts is likely to be economically viable, Mr. Scott said. Only 7 of 18 resorts in New Hampshire and 8 of 14 in Maine will be. New York’s 36 ski areas, most of them in the western part of the state, will have shrunk to 9. ...
The most basic strategy for coping with a lack of snow is to make it, and as of the 2009-10 season, 88 percent of resorts belonging to the National Ski Areas Association were doing so. Improvements in snow-making technology have helped resorts compensate for warming trends, and several have invested millions in new energy-efficient tower guns.
Subsistence hunting and fishing is an inferior good:
There’s definitely an interesting socioeconomic analysis to be done on the ways in which certain activities that were once deadly earnest attempts to gather food came, in an era of relative caloric abundance, to be luxury pastimes instead. But I’m hard-pressed to explain how Snuffy and Lukey, who never had any kind of job when times were flush, have had their lives affected by extra-Holler financial crises. Perhaps there’s less demand for chickens, Hootin’ Holler’s sole export, which means there are fewer chickens for the two old rascals to steal? More likely, “th’ economic downturn” refers not to anything that would affect us flatlanders, but rather to some apocalyptic event that severed the last tenuous economic tendril connecting Hootin’ Holler to the outside world, leaving its isolated residents with no option but to turn back to the forests and streams for sustenance. This crisis presumably happened decades ago, and so what we’re seeing here is a prequel strip showing the genesis of the Snuffy Smithiverse as we’ve come to know it.
The toxic blue-green algae that will spread across the western basin of Lake Erie this summer likely won’t be as dense as last year’s record bloom, experts say. However, the researchers who track Erie’s water woes say the algae could appear a month early this year, tainting water by June instead of July.
Blue-green algae, or cyanobacteria, are common in most lakes but grow thick in sun-warmed water by feeding on phosphorus from manure, fertilizers and sewage that storms wash into streams and ultimately lakes. The algae can produce as many as four toxins that can sicken people and kill pets.
State officials are beginning to focus on farms to combat the algae. For example, farmers who tend crops near Grand Lake St. Marys face mandatory limits on how much manure they can spread on fields. The state also sprayed the central portion of the lake with alum, a compound that starves algae.
As for Lake Erie and the much larger, 4 million-acre Maumee River drainage area, the state is pushing a voluntary program that encourages farmers to limit the use of chemical fertilizers and to reduce runoff.
Some clean-water advocates say they doubt the state’s Lake Erie strategy will work without mandatory limits.
“Usually, it takes more than volunteerism to make that happen,” said Sandy Bihn, the director of the Lake Erie Waterkeeper group.
Larry Antosch, the environmental policy director for the Ohio Farm Bureau Federation, said no mandate is needed.
“I think the farmers in the watershed would be more than willing and able,” he said.
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